– [Narrator] Are you battling SIBO, small intestine bacterial overgrowth? It’s a very common disorder that affects six to 15% of healthy people, and up to 80% of those with
irritable bowel syndrome. Here is everything you need to know about managing SIBO on a vegan diet. When you think about your physiology, you may think genes passed
down from your parents, body tissue, bones, or hair color. But did you know that bacteria are an integral part of your body? The gut microbiome is home
to trillions of bacteria, fungi and viruses that are
meant to be in your intestines. These trillions of microbes usually work in balance for key bodily functions. But what can happen when
they fall out of balance? Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth. About 70% of the immune system is found in the digestive tract, so when an imbalance of bacteria occurs, or in the case of SIBO, bacteria travel to
where they shouldn’t be, there is a domino effect of symptoms. The helpful bacteria that synthesize vitamins and eliminate food waste are meant to live in your colon. When they travel up the small intestine, a site that is meant
for nutrient absorption, the bacteria disrupt
the digestive process. When speaking to a doctor, it’s important to find out why bacteria have overgrown in order to
find the underlying cause for the bacterial migration
in the first place. Though SIBO symptoms can vary, common ones are abdominal pain, discomfort, gas, and bloating. According to plant-based
nutrition expert Simon Hammett, who goes by Goji Man on YouTube… – It’s good to see you all again. If we haven’t met before,
then hi, I’m Goji Man. I’m currently finishing
a master’s in nutrition and qualifying as a nutritionist. – [Narrator] SIBO can impact
the effectiveness of bile, and prevent absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. For this reason, if left
untreated for too long, SIBO can lead to serious
nutrient deficiencies. – And without regular bowel movements, your ileocecal valve will become weak. Now, your ileocecal
valve is the muscle flap between your large and small intestines. And when this becomes weak and
your gut motility is reduced, it will allow your gut bacteria
in the large intestines to migrate into the small intestines, which is one of the main mechanisms for which small intestinal
bacterial overgrowth will start. – [Narrator] SIBO can be
diagnosed by a healthcare practitioner through a breath test that measures the level
of methane or hydrogen. Who can be affected by SIBO? The answer is anyone. SIBO bacteria feed off of fiber, and a multidisciplinary health center in Vancouver has named stress, food poisoning, antibiotic use, and pre-existing immune
conditions as potential causes. Hammett believes low stomach acid to be another possible cause. Stomach acid is the first line of defense against pathogens in our food, killing off the bad guys before digestion. But when our stomach acid is low, which can be caused by a
diet high in processed foods, it allows harmful bacteria
to bypass into your system. Diet may help manage the condition. A common diet for SIBO sufferers
is the low-FODMAP diet. The diet was designed
by a team of researchers at the Monash University. – [Narrator] However,
researchers at Monash University have been studying the
dietary factors in food that can trigger IBS symptoms. – FODMAP stands for an acronym that is fermentable oligo-, di-,
monosaccharides, and polyols. So these are actually five different sugar categories that are
found naturally in foods. – [Narrator] It details specific foods which may offset SIBO, or IBS, and encourages people to avoid such items. According to registered
dietician Dr. Pamela Fergusson, most people only need to
follow a low-FODMAP diet for a few weeks before
re-introducing other foods. Foods to eat on a vegan low-FODMAP diet include tofu, tempeh, and small quantities of lentils as a protein source. Grain options include
buckwheat, millet, and quinoa. Many fruits and veggies are allowed, strawberries, cantaloupe, grapes, potato, pumpkin, peppers, baby spinach, and eggplant, to name a few. Nuts and seeds are also beneficial, brazil nuts, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, sesame seeds and pecans. The Physician’s Committee
for Responsible Medicine also has resources on managing
digestive issues with diet. Its recommendations include
avoiding gluten and dairy, and introducing probiotics
and peppermint oil. Talk to your healthcare provider for what will work best for you. Would you be interested
in a video on Candida too? Let us know in the comments. That’s it for today. Remember to subscribe
and hit the red bell. New videos every Tuesday and Friday.