Hi, I’m Charlie, and today, Lily, Jordan and I are making applesauce. With all these yummy apples. Yeah, it’s so easy, you’ll want to make it yourself all the time. So, to make applesauce, we’re going to need apples from the Fruits Group and water. The Fruits Group, is shown as the red section of the MyPlate icon. MyPlate reminds us to make half our plates fruits and vegetables for good health. Applesauce is a fun and delicious way to eat fruit as part of the a meal or as a snack. The first thing you want to do in working when the kitchen is to wash your hands. So the first step is you’re going to wet your hands with running water. Now apply soap, and you’re going to scrub your hands for about 20 seconds. Or, another tip you can do, is you can sing “Happy Birthday” twice. Under your nails, behind the hand get in-between your fingers. Then you can rinse your hands off. And now you’re going to use the paper towel to turn off the faucet. There you go! They might have germs or dirt on them, so we should rinse them. Yes, we should. We’re going to put them under cold, running water. Should we scrub them with the scrub brush? Yes, we should. It’s kind of like brushing your teeth, but gently, you don’t want to mush them. Like this? Perfect. Get all sides of it. There we go, now our apple’s clean. We can make applesauce using apples that are peeled or we can use apples with the peels still on. We’re going to peel one apple to learn how to go about peeling fruits or vegetables, if a recipe calls for it. For applesauce we would make it with apples that have the peel on because it’s faster and better for us. The apple peel has fiber, which helps us feel full and has many other benefits for our health. Let’s practice peeling the apples. Do you know what this is? What? It’s a peeler. A peeler works like a knife. The sharp blade is on the inside, and the outer edge keeps the blade from cutting into the apple. Hold it firmly, but not too tight, and keep your hands on the bottom part of the peeler. You’re going to go from the top to the bottom. Just like that. Can I try? Yeah. The best way to peel apples is to use the peeler and peel the strips from the top to the bottom of the apple until the peel is gone. It’s best to peel apples over a clean cutting board and not over the garbage, because you don’t want your fruit to fall in. After you’ve peeled the entire apple, the peels can go in garbage bowl, which we will later empty into the trash or compost bin. Jordan, do you know what this is? Yes. It’s an apple corer. It cuts the apple into slices and leaves the seeds and core alone by itself. That’s right. The best way to do this is to make sure you are above the apple so you can push down. It is very sharp, so be careful of your fingers when you’re pushing down. And you’re going to put it over the apple, and you’re going to push down. Make sure to get above it. There you go. Once the slices are safely removed, take out the core and seeds and put them in the garbage bowl, which we will later empty into the trash or compost bin. If you’re having trouble with it, don’t bang it around to get it unstuck. Ask an adult for help. Here, let me get this, Jordan. I got you. Yeah. Ooh. Just like that. See how it separated the apple? Yeah. Now remove the apple slices for me. Get them all out. And it leaves us with… Mmm. Got it? The core. Now that we have our slices, we need to cut them into smaller pieces that are about the same size so they will cook evenly. First we make sure that we have our cutting board, so that we have a sturdy surface that won’t wobble. And to protect our countertops. That’s right. We use the same hand we write with to hold our knife, and grip it firmly around the handle. We take one slice at a time, placing the flat side of the apple slice down. This is so that the apple doesn’t roll around when you try and cut it. With one hand holding the knife and one hand holding the apple, keep the other hand’s fingers curled under, so only our knuckles show. We take our knife and we make a downward motion cutting the apple. So now Jordan, why don’t you try it? Mm-hmm. Make your fingers like a claw and bring it up close to the knife. Like this? Just like that. That’s perfect. There you go. And you’re just going to keep doing that. The pieces of the apple should be about the same size as dice, like you use in a board game. That’s why this kind of chopping is called dicing. And just like that, we’ve diced apples. Now, when we’re done using our knives, we never leave them in the sink, because someone using the sink may not see them and cut themselves. Adults can be in charge of rinsing your knives, drying them and putting them away safely. Now we’re going to add water and the apples in. Since you’re going to need a half cup of water, let’s use this liquid measuring cup. When we pour liquid into a measuring cup, we make sure it’s on a flat surface. Get eye-level to the top line of the liquid so you can see when it reaches half a cup. Let’s try measuring and looking for the top of the liquid. So, Jordan, can you pour the water in there for me? And, Lily, hold it steady for me. You want to see it when it reaches that half cup line. And stop. Perfect. And now let’s get eye-level. Get down. Is that a half cup? Yeah. Perfect. There we go. Now that we have all our ingredients, can we cook it? Yes, we can. Our applesauce is just apples and water. That’s all we need to make applesauce. Let’s put these ingredients together. There you go. By using your hand, you can just scoop them in. Yeah, there we go. Thank you. There we go. Perfect. Great. Now let’s take our pot with the ingredients and bring it to the stove. Stovetops can get very hot, so I’m going to pay attention and move slowly. It is also important to keep our cooking area clean. We want to make sure that we aren’t wearing anything that hangs near the stove, like loose clothing or long hair. Keep oven mitts, wooden utensils, food packaging, towels and curtains away from the stovetop, too. The reason we need to heat these ingredients is for the water to cook the apples, making them softer. We turn on the burner to medium heat and slowly bring the heat up to the boiling point of water, which is 212 degrees Fahrenheit. We can cover the pot to keep the heat in, which also speeds up the cooking process. And we’ll check on the apples in about 25 minutes. We can check to see how the apples are doing. Let’s turn off the heat first. When we’re going to take off the lid, we use an oven mitt and make sure we open it away from us. Why don’t you take the spoon and stir? Make a circle slowly so nothing in the pot spills. Make sure your spoon goes all the way to the bottom, so that everything is stirred. You know why we stir? ‘Cause it’s fun, and it also helps cool down the apples. That’s right. We stir to make sure the heat from the bottom and the sides of the pot distributes evenly, and also to make sure that food doesn’t stick to the sides of the pot. Now that the apples have cooled down for 10 minutes. I know what job you can do. Mash the apples! That’s right. First we got to put them in the bowl here. All right. Now, Jordan, you’re doing to take that masher right there… Let’s bring this right here. You’re going to mash. Go! There you go. If you don’t have a masher, you can also use a fork. You can also do the same thing with mashed potatoes. That looks pretty good to me. Here, get right over here. Perfect. Let’s see. Does that look mashed to you, Lily? Yeah. All right that looks pretty mashed. Let’s do it. Cheers! What? Oh. All right. Mmm. Oh, that’s good. It’s so good. Mmm.